Kerala state has a population of around 33 million, with 56 per cent following Hindu religion, 25 per cent Muslims and 19 per cent Christians. Followers of other religions are an invisible minority in Kerala. One percent of the population consists of adivasis - descendents of the original forest-dwellers of Kerala.
Kerala has achieved control over its population growth and has the lowest growth rate among all Indian states. Gender ratio (females to males) is positive, indicating the absence of such practices as female infanticide.
With the highest literacy percentage, lowest infant mortality and a strong showing on other human development indicators, Kerala is best compared with the developed world rather than with other states in India.
However, economic progress has not been commensurate with social progress and Kerala suffers from high unemployment. People tend to migrate to Arab countries and other Indian states in search of livelihood. This situation might soon change with Kerala gaining a reputation as one of the best states for business.
In separate articles (see links in adjacent column) we discuss the evolution of different religions in Kerala. The overall picture that we see is as follows:
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